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ULUS JUCHI: QRIM MINT (QRIM AL-JADID; QRIM-AL-MAKHRUSA; QRIM AL-GAZARY; BELED QRIM)

Following mint names can be found on the Qrim coins of 13th - 15th centuries:


"Qrim"
"Qrim al-Jadid" (New)
"Qrim al-Gazari" - (Qrim, let it kept from disasters"
"Qrim al-Makhrusa" (preserved by Allah)
"beled Qrim" (region Qrim)

"Solkhat"
View of the modern city Old Qrim to the summit of Mount Agarmysh

The city of Qrim (modern Old Qrim) is located on the crossroads of the old trade route leading from the Volga-Azov regions to the seaports of the Black sea: Caffa (modern Feodosiya) and Soldaya (modern Sudak). Favourable location of the city, availability of fresh water and the perfect climate, were responsible for the advancement in development of that city during Mongol time. From the and of 13th century and until the beginning of the 15th, the city of Qrim (the European name of the city is Solkhat) remains in the centre of Crimean Ulus in the Golden Horde.

1. Ruins of the mausoleum on Taz-Agarmysh mount . Photo 2004
2. Ruins of "mosque of Beybars". Old Qrim. Photo 2004
3. Ruins of Wall of the Mamay.
Taz-Agarmysh mount. 2012

1. MINT NAME "QRIM" MIDDLE XIII - 1-ST HALF OF XIV c.

1 Coins of Amir's of Crimea 1257 - 1280AD [8] (AR, AE)
2 Coins with Tamgha and title of  Berke khan (1257 - 1267AD) [9] (AR, AE)
3 Coins with name of Mangu Timur khan [8] (AR, AE)
4 Anonymous dated coins with time of rule of Mangu Timur khan [3] (AE)
5 Coins with name of Tuda Mangu khan [6] (AR)
6 Anonymous coins with dates and time of rule of Tuda Mangu khan [3] (AE)
7 Coins with name of Tulabuga khan (AR)
8 Anonymous coins with time of rule of Tulabuga khan (AE)  
9 Anonymous coins before rule of Toqtu khan ()  
10 Coins with name of Nogay (Nughay) [2] (AR)
11 Coins with name of Toqtu khan (AR, AE)  
12 Anonymous and Unepigraphic coins with time of rule of Toqta khan [29] (AE)
13 Coins with name of Oz beg khan (AR, AE)  
14 Anonymous and Unepigraphic coins with time of rule of Oz beg khan [2] (AE)
2. MINT NAME "QRIM", NO MINT NAME (MIDDLE OF XIV c.)
1 Coins with name of Jani beg khan [3] (AE)
2 Anonymous coins: "stylized two-headed eagle" (AE)  
3 Anonymous coins from Crimea region (middle of XIV c.) (AE)  
4 Unepigraphic coins from Crimea region (middle of XIV c.) (AE)  
3. MINT NAME "QRIM" (QRIM AL-JADID, QRIM AL-MAKHRUSA, QRIM AL-GAZARI, BELED QRIM)
LAST QUARTER OF XIV - FIRST HALF OF XV c.
1 Coins with name of Toqtamish khan (AR)  
2 Anonymous coins with dates of rule of Toqtamish khan (AE)  
3 Coins with name of Beg Pulad khan (AR)  
4 Coins with name of Tash-Timur khan (AR)  
5 Coins with name of Timur Qutlug khan (AR)  
6 Coins with name of Shadi beg khan [4] (AR)
7 Coins with name of Pulad khan [2] (AR)
8 Coins with name of Timur khan [0] Zeno #62182 (wrong determination of the mint) (AR)  
9 Coins with name of Dervish khan (AR)  
10 Coins with name of Beg Sufi khan (AR)  
11 Coins with name of Dawlat Berdi khan [17] (AR)
12 Tatar-Genoa coins [1] (AR)
13 Anonymous coins AH823 [2] (AE)
4. MINT NAME "SOLKHAT". TIME OF TOQTU KHAN n.1290 AD (Lebedev - M8; M9)
1 Coins with name of Toqtu khan (near AH690 = 1290AD) [3] ()
2 Anonymous coins time of Toqtu khan [5] (AE)
decode and classification principles
5. Ruins of Madrasah near "mosque of Oz beg". Old Qrim. Photo 2013.
6. Christian church of pre-Mongolian time. Photo 2013
7. Ruins of "Lead Mosque".
Old Qrim. Photo 2010
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